why

I hear you say:

I'm not a terrorist or a drug dealer. I have nothing to hide.

To that, I will let Edward Snowdon respond:

Arguing that you don't care about the right to privacy because you have nothing to hide is no different than saying you don't care about free speech because you have nothing to say.

But in fact, you are more important than you think you are. At least, to certain organizations or companies out there.

Such organizations are able to track you based on the sites you visit, the topics that interest you, and the relationships you have, among other things.

how

How are these organizations able to know who I am?

  • JavaScript
  • Cookies
  • your IP address
  • even the languages settings of your Web Browser can be used
  • The domains your browser is querying

Yeah but how are they doing that?

It would be too long to explain in a single blog post, and I think that Kevin Mitnick's The Art of Invisibility is better than I at explaining how internet users are vulnerable to spying and hacking.

what

What then? What should I do?

In order to be similar to many other people (e.q. becoming part of the masses makes you more "anonymous"), you need to look normal to the websites you visit and web apps you use.

To look normal, you should be an english-speaking person, who is using windows, on Firefox or Chrome. And to ensure "they" don't know more, then you should disable JavaScript, which can be used to track you and do all sorts of things that your modern web browser can, to better identify you by having your "fingerprint".

Use LibreDNS for encrypting the part of your HTTPS requests that ask for the IP address of a domain name.